What Are Popular Bleaching Agents for Teeth Whitening?

If you are tired of looking in the mirror and seeing stained teeth, you might want to get a teeth whitening procedure done. Teeth bleaching can be done at the dentist office, at home using a kit provided by the dentist or with an over-the-counter kit. Most kits contain the same bleaching agents, although kits provided by the dentist contain more of the active ingredients.

Read on to get the details on these whitening agents and how they remove stains from teeth.

Hydrogen peroxide and carbamide peroxide

Most teeth-whitening kits include either hydrogen peroxide, carbamide peroxide or a combination of both. Both bleaching agents can remove stains from teeth.

How hydrogen peroxide works

Hydrogen peroxide has long been a popular option for whitening. Hydrogen peroxide is a weak acid with oxidizing properties that break up stains. It destroys the molecules that create stains, leaving the teeth much whiter.

The amount of hydrogen peroxide in the treatment depends on the kit used. Most in-office kits include 15 to 38 percent hydrogen peroxide, according to the American Dental Association. Over-the-counter kits contain three to 10 percent hydrogen peroxide in most cases, although some products contain up to 15 percent of the bleaching agent.

Kits provided by the dentist are more effective than over-the-counter kits because the concentration of hydrogen peroxide is much higher.

How carbamide peroxide works

When carbamide peroxide decomposes, it releases hydrogen peroxide. If a product contains 10 percent carbamide, it will release approximately 3.5 percent of hydrogen peroxide.

Carbamide peroxide breaks down slowly, so it can continue whitening teeth for up to six hours after treatment.

At-home kits usually do not contain carbamide peroxide. Those who want to use this bleaching agent will likely need to get a whitening treatment at the dental office.

Tooth sensitivity with whitening agents

Hydrogen peroxide and carbamide peroxide can cause people to experience some tooth sensitivity during the whitening process. Sensitivity occurs when the whitening agent passes through the enamel and dentin and makes its way to the pulp.

Limiting tooth sensitivity

Most people only experience tooth sensitivity during the initial treatment. Dentists can use specific techniques to limit tooth sensitivity. Also, the quality of the application and the bleaching agent can limit the sensitivity experienced.

Is tooth sensitivity dangerous?

Many people are concerned they are harming their teeth when they feel sensitivity during the bleaching process. It is recommended that patients only use whitening products under the care of a dentist to avoid damaging their enamel. Some people have reported damage from over-the-counter kits, which is likely due to overuse or the low pH balance of the products.

Getting your teeth whitening

Whitening products with hydrogen peroxide or carbamide peroxide do a good job of removing stains on teeth. Whitening products at the dentist's office contain more of the whitening agents, making them more effective. It is also a good idea to whiten teeth under the care of a dentist to prevent dangerous side effects, such as harming the enamel on the teeth.

Are you considering teeth whitening in the Great Neck area? Get more information at https://www.jeffreylrubindmd.com.

Check out what others are saying about our dental services on Yelp: Teeth Whitening.

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