Signs & Symptoms of Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is a gum infection that can damage the soft tissues and bone structures that secure teeth in the mouth. The destruction of these structures typically leads to teeth becoming loose and eventually falling out.

Gum disease is one of the most prevalent dental issues, but it is usually caused by inadequate oral hygiene. People who take good care of their mouths have a significantly lower chance of developing this condition.

Detecting periodontal disease

Being able to recognize the symptoms and signs of periodontal disease increases the odds of early treatment. Periodontal disease can often be reversed when treated during the first stage. Common symptoms of this condition include:

  • Puffy, swollen gums
  • Gums turning purple or bright red
  • Tender gums
  • Gums bleeding regularly after flossing and brushing
  • Gums pulling away from teeth
  • New gaps appearing between teeth
  • Pus coming out of the gums and teeth
  • Loose teeth
  • Bad breath
  • Pain when chewing
  • Unexplainable changes to a person's bite
  • Pain when chewing

Different types of periodontal disease

Gum disease has various stages with different characteristics. These include:

1. Gingivitis

This is the first stage of gum disease, and it can be reversed with good oral hygiene and dental care. Detecting it early and improving one's oral hygiene virtually guarantees that it will not progress into the more advanced stages.

2. Chronic periodontitis

This is the most prevalent type of periodontitis. It typically targets adults, but children can also get it. It is caused by a buildup of plaque beneath the gumline and slowly destroys teeth-supporting structures in the mouth. It can lead to teeth becoming loose and falling out when left untreated.

3. Aggressive periodontitis

This type of gum disease typically starts early on during childhood. It affects a small number of people, and those who get it tend to be genetically predisposed to it. Aggressive gum disease often leads to the rapid loss of teeth when left untreated.

4. Necrotizing periodontal disease

This is usually characterized by the death of tooth ligaments and supporting structures due to the reduced blood supply to the area. This leads to a severe infection that wreaks havoc on teeth. People with suppressed immune systems due to chronic issues like cancer or HIV are more likely to develop this condition. It also targets those who are poorly nourished.

How gum disease occurs

Periodontal disease often starts with plaque. This is a transparent film made up of mostly bacteria that coats teeth's surfaces. When this plaque is allowed to accumulate on teeth surfaces, gum disease usually follows.

Plaque is created when bacteria that live in the mouth interact with the sugars and starches in food particles that are left in the mouth after meals. Brushing and flossing remove it, but it builds up quickly during the day. This is one of the reasons it is essential to brush at least twice each day and floss once a day to ensure plaque only gets to spend a limited amount of time on teeth. This plaque triggers a response from the immune system when it gets below the gum line.

Tackle gum disease before it turns chronic

Anyone who notices the symptoms of periodontal disease should visit our Great Neck clinic for an evaluation and treatment immediately.

Request an appointment here: https://www.jeffreylrubindmd.com or call Great Neck Dental Arts - Dr. Jeffrey L. Rubin DMD at (516) 301-9032 for an appointment in our Great Neck office.

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