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Periodontal Treatments for Gum Infection
Wondering if you are in need of periodontal treatments? You are if you currently have a gum infection. A gum infection is also known as gum disease or periodontitis. While improper oral care is the main reason for a gum infection diagnosis, other reasons include genetics, hormonal changes and being diagnosed with certain health conditions, e.g., diabetes.
Improper or even bad oral care habits can lead to a buildup of bacteria in the mouth. When too much bacteria builds up in the mouth, it starts to create plaque and tartar on the teeth, which eventually leads to decay. This plaque and tartar buildup can also lead to a gum infection.
Signs of gum infection
Thinking periodontal treatments are in your near future? Common signs of gum infection include bleeding gums, swollen gums, tender gums, red gums, receding gums and ongoing bad breath. If you are experiencing one or more of these common signs of gum disease, making an appointment with a dental professional for treatment is your next step. The longer you wait to address your gum problems, the worse they will become.
How periodontal treatments work
The type of periodontal treatment that a dental patient receives will depend on their particular situation. The extent of the infection ultimately decides what kind of treatment the patient will need to undergo in order to remove their gum infection. There are four different stages of gum disease: gingivitis, slight periodontitis, moderate periodontitis and advanced periodontitis. The goal is to clean the areas around the teeth and gums in order to prevent damage to nearby bone.
Non-surgical treatment option
When gum disease is in its first or second stage, it can be addressed using less invasive procedures. The most common procedure is known as scaling and root planing. Scaling is a dental procedure that requires a dental professional to carefully remove plaque and tartar buildup by using special dental instruments specifically for this purpose. Root planing is a procedure that smooths out the surfaces of the roots with the purpose of preventing a buildup of plaque and tartar in the future. Antibiotics are given to patients during or after the procedure to help them avoid any type of bacterial infection.
Surgical treatment option
Dental patients who are diagnosed with advanced periodontitis often need to undergo dental surgery in order to remove the gum disease. Surgical options include flap surgery, bone grafting, soft tissue grafts, guided tissue regeneration and tissue-stimulating proteins.
Are you currently in need of gum treatment?
Now that you understand how periodontal treatments work, are you ready to address your gum infection? The longer you wait to make an appointment for treatment, the more severe your gum infection will be. It is always easier to treat gum infections in their earliest stages. When you wait to address this common dental problem, your treatment options will be more intense and therefore take longer to perform.
If you have any concerns about discomfort or pain, you can discuss these concerns with our caring dentist. Together, both of you will decide which anesthetic option will ideally work.
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